A wire loop biopsy of cervix can be used to remove a small portion of cervix containing the area where the abnormal cells identified on your cervical sample were taken from.
This procedure takes approximately ten minutes.
Your cervix will be injected with local anaesthetic to numb the area. Most women feel nothing at all and even those who do feel something, say the discomfort quickly disappears. The local anaesthetic has some side effects; such as feeling light-headed but these feelings resolve very quickly You will feel movement as the treatment is carried out, but you should feel no pain, if you do, tell the nurse who is with you.
The treatment is performed using an electrical machine so you will have a “jelly pad” placed on your thigh to ensure the procedure is safe. This to “earth you” to ensure the colposcopist does not receive an electric shock during the procedure.
After the wire loop biopsy has removed the abnormal area, a small pen-like device is used to seal the area and stop any bleeding.
You will be given full written instructions telling you what to do and what to avoid.
Will treatment cause problems in a future pregnancy?
Women who have had a loop biopsy may be at an increased risk of giving birth early. Any medical treatment has unwanted side effects; however a wire loop biopsy is a very effective way of preventing cervical cancer and must be balanced against any possible harmful effects of treatment.
Colposcopists recognise the importance of the cervix to support future pregnancies and will remove as little tissue as possible while making sure the treatment is successful. Please discuss this with your colposcopist when you attend the clinic.
You can expect a watery vaginal discharge for 2-4 weeks following treatment. We ask you to use sanitary towels only and to avoid the use of tampons. Do not have sexual intercourse for 4 weeks after treatment to reduce the chance of infection of the treated area. We ask you to avoid strenuous exercise for 48 hours after treatment e.g. running or aerobics.
Most women will be discharged back to their GP following a loop biopsy for follow-up cervical samples. Timing of your future cervical samples depends on the result of the loop biopsy sample taken. You will be advised by the colposcopist by letter when your next cervical sample is due and whether they can be carried out at your GP’s surgery or in the clinic.